Ks0071 keyestudio Mini Tank Robot

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keyestudio Mini Tank Robot


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Introduction

Mini tank robot is a learning application development system of microcontroller based on Arduino.  It has functions such as ultrasonic obstacle avoidance, bluetooth remotecontrol. This kit contains many interesting programs. It can also be expanded with external circuit modules to have further functions. This kit is designed to help you interestingly learn Arduino.  You can learn Arduino MCU development ability while having fun.

Parameters

1. Motor parameters: 6V, 150rpm/min 
2. Use L298P driver module for motor control.
3. Equipped with Ultrasonic module, can detect whether there are obstacles ahead, and the distance between the Tank robot and the obstacles to realize obstacle avoidance function.
4. Equipped with Bluetooth wireless module, can remotely control the robot after pairing with mobile phone Bluetooth.
5. Can be connected to external 7 ~ 12V power supply; with various sensor modules, it can realize various functions.

Component List

1. keyestudio UNO R3 controller * 1
2. keyestudio L298P shield * 1
3. keyestudio V5 sensor shield * 1
4. HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensor module * 1
5. keyestudio Bluetooth Module (HC-06) * 1
6. Plastic platform (PC) * 1
7. Servo motor * 1
8. Transparent Acrylic board * 1
9. Metal holder * 4
10. Tank driver wheel * 2
11. Tank load-bearing wheel * 2
12. Caterpillar band * 2
13. Metal motor * 2
14. Copper coupler * 2
15. 18650 2-cell battery case * 1
16. USB cable (1m) * 1
17. Copper bush * 2
18. Flange bearing * 4
19. Hexagon copper bush (M3*10MM) * 4
20. Hexagon copper bush (M3*45MM) * 4
21. Round Screw (M3*6MM) * 10
22. Round Screw (M4*35MM) * 4
23. Inner hexagon screw (M3*8MM) * 10
24. Inner hexagon screw (M3*20MM) * 6
25. Inner hexagon screw (M3*25MM) * 6
26. Inner hexagon screw (M4*10MM) * 6
27. Inner hexagon screw (M4*50MM) * 2
28. M3 Nut * 6
29. M4 self-locking nut * 2
30. M4 nut * 15
31. Connector wire (150mm, black) * 2
32. Connector wire (150mm, red) * 2
33. F-F Dupont wire (20CM, 4Pin) * 1
34. Supporting part (27*27*16MM, blue) * 2
35. Winding wire (12CM) * 1

  • Self-prepare part

18650 rechargeable battery * 2
18650 charger * 1

Application of Arduino


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Introduction

What’s Arduino?
Arduino is an open-source hardware project platform. This platform includes a circuit board with simple I/O function and program development environment software. It can be used to develop interactive products. For example, it can read signals of multiple switches and sensors, and control light, servo motor and other various physical devices. It’s widely applied in robot field.

Arduino installation and program upload:

First, download the Arduino development software, click below hyperlink:
arduino-1.5.6-r2-windows.rar
Downloaded file is a arduino-1.5.6-r2-windows.zip compressed folder, unzip it to your hard drive.
Double click Arduino-1.5.6 .exe. Click “I agree”;


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Click “Next”;


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And then “Install”;


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Wait for the installation to be completed, click close.


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Below figure is what Arduino 1.5.6 looks like.


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Next, let’s install Arduino driver.
For different operating system, there may be slight difference in installation method. Below is an example in WIN 7.
When you connect Arduino Uno to your computer at the first time, right click “Computer” —> “Properties”—> “Device manager”, you can see “Unknown devices”.


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Click “Unknown devices”, select “Update Driver software”.


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In this page, click “Browse my computer for driver software”.


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Find the “drivers” file.


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Click “Next”; select “Install this driver software anyway” to begin the installation.


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Installation completed; click “Close”.


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After driver is installed, go to “Device manager” again. Right click “Computer” —> “Properties”—> “Device manager”, you can see UNO device as below figure shows, also with the Com port info.


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Following is a sketch uploading example called “Hello World!”.
First, open Arduino IDE. In this example sketch, we program Arduino to display “Hello World!” on serial monitor when it receives a specific character string “R”; also the on-board D13 LED will blink once each time it receives “R”.
First, set up board; In “Tools”, select “Arduino Uno”.


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Next, set up COM port; In “Tools”, select “COM3”.


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After selection, you can see indicated area is the same with settings in “Device manager”.


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Copy the example sketch and paste it to the IDE; click “Verify thumb” to check compiling mistakes; click “Upload thumb” to upload the program to the board.


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After uploading is done, open “serial monitorthumb ”; enter “R”; click “Send”, the serial monitor will display “Hello World!” and the D13 LED will blink once.


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Congratulations! Your first sketch uploading is successful!

Project Details

Project 1: Ultrasonic Sensor


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Introduction

The HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor is a very affordable proximity distance sensor that has been used mainly for object avoidance in various robotics projects. It essentially gives your Arduino eyes spacial awareness and can prevent your robot from crashing or falling off a table. It has also been used in turret applications, water level sensing, and even as a parking sensor. This simple project will use the HC-SR04 sensor with an Arduino and a Processing sketch to provide a neat little interactive display on your computer screen.


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Specification

Working Voltage: DC 5V
Working Current: 15mA
Working Frequency: 40Hz
Max Range: 4m
Min Range: 2cm
Measuring Angle: 15 degree
Trigger Input Signal: 10µS TTL pulse
Echo Output Signal Input TTL lever signal and the range in proportion


Connection Diagram


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Sample Code Wiring Method:

VCC to Arduino 5v 
GND to Arduino GND
Echo to Arduino pin 4
Trig to Arduino pin 5

#define echoPin 4 // Echo Pin
#define trigPin 5 // Trigger Pin
#define LEDPin 13 // Onboard LED
int maximumRange = 200; // Maximum range needed
int minimumRange = 0; // Minimum range needed
long duration, distance; // Duration used to calculate distance

void setup() {
 Serial.begin (9600);
 pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);
 pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
 pinMode(LEDPin, OUTPUT); // Use LED indicator (if required)
}

void loop() {
/* The following trigPin/echoPin cycle is used to determine the
 distance of the nearest object by bouncing soundwaves off of it. */ 
 digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); 
 delayMicroseconds(2); 

 digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
 delayMicroseconds(10); 
 
 digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
 duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);
 
 //Calculate the distance (in cm) based on the speed of sound.
 distance = duration/58.2;
 
 if (distance >= maximumRange || distance <= minimumRange){
 /* Send a negative number to computer and Turn LED ON 
 to indicate "out of range" */
 Serial.println("-1");
 digitalWrite(LEDPin, HIGH); 
 }
 else {
 /* Send the distance to the computer using Serial protocol, and
 turn LED OFF to indicate successful reading. */
 Serial.println(distance);
 digitalWrite(LEDPin, LOW); 
 }
 
 //Delay 50ms before next reading.
 delay(50);
}

Result

After connection and uploading, when ultrasonic sensor senses obstacle within sensing area, it is measuring the distance between itself and obstacle and the value of distance is displayed on serial monitor as shown in below figure.


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Project 2: Bluetooth Module

Ks0071 2-1.png

Introduction
This Bluetooth module can easily achieve serial wireless data transmission. Its operating frequency is among the most popular 2.4GHz ISM frequency band (i.e. Industrial, scientific and medical). It adopts Bluetooth 2.1+EDR standard. In Bluetooth 2.1, signal transmit time of different devices stands at a 0.5 seconds interval so that the workload of bluetooth chip can be reduced substantially and more sleeping time can be saved for bluetooth. This module is set with serial interface, which is easy-to-use and simplifying overall design/development cycle.

Specification
Bluetooth Protocol: Bluetooth 2.1+ EDR standard
USB Protocol: USB v1.1/2.0
Operating Frequency: 2.4GHz ISM frequency band
Modulation Mode: Gauss frequency Shift Keying
Transmit Power: ≤ 4dBm, second stage
Sensitivity: ≤-84dBm at 0.1% Bit Error Rate
Transmission Speed: 2.1Mbps(Max)/160 kbps(Asynchronous); 1Mbps/1Mbps(Synchronous)
Safety Feature: Authentication and encryption
Supported Configuration: Bluetooth serial port (major and minor)
Supply Voltage: 5V DC 50mA
Operating Temperature: -20 to 55℃

Connection Diagram

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Sample Code

int val; 
int ledpin=13; 
void setup() 
{ 
Serial.begin(9600);
 pinMode(ledpin,OUTPUT); 
} void loop()
{ val=Serial.read(); 
if(val=='a')
 { 
digitalWrite(ledpin,HIGH); 
delay(250); 
digitalWrite(ledpin,LOW); 
delay(250);
 Serial.println("keyestudio");
}}

Result

After powered up, power indicator D1 is on, and LED on Bluetooth module is blinking; open Bluetooth on mobile phone, pair them, input 1234, and finish pairing as shown in Figure 1 ; open APP—Bluetooth serial communication assistant, connect it to Bluetooth, select normal mode, complete connection, and LED on Bluetooth module is on as shown in Figure 2; input an “a” in the assistant, and display “keyesdudio” in it as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 1 - - - - - - - - - - - - Figure 2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - Figure 3


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Project 3: Obstacle Avoidance Tank


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Introduction
This project is a simple obstacle avoidance tank robot system based on Arduino, including the software and hardware design. The controller part is a UNO board. Ultrasonic sensor and servo motors are used to detect whether there are obstacles ahead, and feedback the signal to UNO. UNO will analyze the signal to determine and control the motors movement to adjust Tank moving direction. Therefore the tank robot can automatically avoid obstacles.


Working Principle
Ultrasonic ranging: the controller sends out a a high level signal of more than 10μs, when the output pin receives the high level signal, the timer will be on; when the signal changes to low level, we can read the time period of the timer, which is the time used for this ultrasonic wave transceiving. Together with its transmission speed, we can calculate the distance.

After we use the ultrasonic sensor to detect the distance from an obstacle, we can control the movement of the Tank according to the data.

If the distance from the obstacle is < 10cm, the Tank moves backward; if the distance is >=25cm, the Tank moves forward; if the distance is <25cm, we control the movement of the servo motors to measure the distance of the left and right. If both the distance are <10cm, the Tank moves backward; if the distance are both >= 10cm, and distance on the left is more than the distance on the right, the Tank moves to the left; if distance on the left is <= the distance on the right, the Tank moves to the right.

Schematic and Connection Diagram


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Sample Code

/*   
    L = Left 
    R = Right 
    F = forward 
    B = backward
*/
#include <Servo.h> 
int pinLB = 12;     // define pin 12 
int pinLF = 3;     // define pin 3 
int pinRB = 13;    // define pin 13 
int pinRF = 11;    // define pin 11 
////////////////////////////////
int inputPin = 4;    // define pin for sensor echo
int outputPin =5;    // define pin for sensor trig

int Fspeedd = 0;      // forward speed
int Rspeedd = 0;      // right speed
int Lspeedd = 0;      // left speed
int directionn = 0;   // forward=8 backward=2 left=4 right=6 
Servo myservo;        // set myservo
int delay_time = 250; // settling time after steering servo motor moving B
int Fgo = 8;         // Move F
int Rgo = 6;         // move to the R
int Lgo = 4;         // move to the L
int Bgo = 2;         // move B
void setup()
 {
  Serial.begin(9600);     // Define motor output pin 
  pinMode(pinLB,OUTPUT); // pin 12
  pinMode(pinLF,OUTPUT); // pin 3 (PWM)
  pinMode(pinRB,OUTPUT); // pin 13
  pinMode(pinRF,OUTPUT); // pin 11 (PWM) 
  pinMode(inputPin, INPUT);    // define input pin for sensor
  pinMode(outputPin, OUTPUT);  // define output pin for sensor   
  myservo.attach(9);    // Define servo motor output pin to D9 (PWM)
 }
void advance()     // move forward
    { 
    digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);    // right wheel moves forward
digitalWrite(pinRB, LOW);  // left wheel moves forward
    analogWrite(pinLF,255);   
    analogWrite(pinRF,255);
    }
void stopp()         // stop 
    {
     digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);
     analogWrite(pinLF,0);
     analogWrite(pinRF,0); 
    }
void right()        // turn right (single wheel)
    {
   digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // wheel on the left moves forward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,LOW); // wheel on the right moves backward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);   
    }
void left()         // turn left (single wheel)
    {
   digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);  // wheel on the left moves backward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH); // wheel on the right moves forward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);  
    }
  
void back()          // move backward
    {
     digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // motor moves to left rear
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);  // motor moves to right rear
     analogWrite(pinLF,255);  
     analogWrite(pinRF,255);     
    }
void detection()        // measure 3 angles (0.90.179)
    {      
      int delay_time = 250;   // stabilizing time for servo motor after moving backward
      ask_pin_F();            // read the distance ahead
     if(Fspeedd < 10)         // if distance ahead is <10cm
      {
      stopp();               // clear data 
      delay(100);
      back();                // move backward for 0.2S
      delay(200);
      }       
      if(Fspeedd < 25)         // if distance ahead is <25cm
      {
        stopp();  
        delay(100);             // clear data 
        ask_pin_L();            // read distance on the left
        delay(delay_time);      // stabilizing time for servo motor
        ask_pin_R();            // read distance on the right  
        delay(delay_time);      // stabilizing time for servo motor  
        
        if(Lspeedd > Rspeedd)   // if distance on the left is >distance on the right
        {
          directionn = Lgo;      // move to the L
        }
        
        if(Lspeedd <= Rspeedd)   // if distance on the left is <= distance on the right
        {
         directionn = Rgo;      // move to the right
        } 
         if (Lspeedd < 10 && Rspeedd < 10)   // if distance on left and right are both <10cm
        {
         directionn = Bgo;      // move backward        
        }}
      else                      // if distance ahead is >25cm     
      {
        directionn = Fgo;        // move forward      
      }}    
void ask_pin_F()   // measure the distance ahead 
    {
      myservo.write(90);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Fdistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Fdistance= Fdistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm) 
      Fspeedd = Fdistance;              // read the distance into Fspeedd
    }  
 void ask_pin_L()   // measure distance on the left 
    {
      myservo.write(5);
      delay(delay_time);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Ldistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Ldistance= Ldistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm)
      Lspeedd = Ldistance;              // read the distance into Lspeedd
    }  
void ask_pin_R()   //  measure distance on the right 
    {
      myservo.write(177);
      delay(delay_time);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Rdistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Rdistance= Rdistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm)
      Rspeedd = Rdistance;              // read the distance into Rspeedd
    }  
    void loop()
  {
    myservo.write(90);  // home set the servo motor, ready for next measurement
    detection();        // measure the angle and determine which direction to move   
   if(directionn == 2)  // if directionn= 2             
   {
     back(); 
     delay(800);                    //  go backward
     left() ;      
     delay(200);              // Move slightly to the left (to prevent stuck in dead end)
   }
   if(directionn == 6)           // if directionn = 6    
   {
     back();
     delay(100);  
     right();  
     delay(600);                 // turn right
   }
   if(directionn == 4)          // if directionn = 4    
   {  
     back(); 
     delay(600);      
     left(); 
     delay(600);                  // turn left
   }  
   if(directionn == 8)          // if directionn = 8      
   { 
    advance();                 // move forward  
    delay(100);  
   } }

Result
After power-on, the car runs and will avoid obstacle automatically when catching obstacle.

Project 4: Bluetooth Control Tank Robot


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Introduction
This project is a tank robot system based on Bluetooth communication, including software and hardware design. The controller part is a UNO board. A Bluetooth module is used to receive the Bluetooth signal from the cellphone and feedback the signal to the UNO. UNO will analyze the signal to determine and control the motors movement to adjust car moving direction. Therefore the tank robot can be controlled by cellphone.


Working Principle
1. The Bluetooth module is connected to UNO; the module communicates with cell phone through a Bluetooth APP.

2. The Bluetooth APP on the cell phone will pass information of “U”“D”“L”“R”“S” to the Bluetooth module.

3. The Bluetooth module will pass the information to the UNO, so the UNO can determine car movement according to the information received.

4. When the UNO receives a “U”, the car goes straight forward; when it receives a “D”, the car goes backward; “L” for turning left; “R” for turning right; and “S” for stop.

Bluetooth Usage
Connect main board +5V to Bluetooth VCC, GND to Bluetooth GND, TX to Bluetooth RX and RX to Bluetooth TX.

Remember to open the Bluetooth on your phone; when you open the Bluetooth APP, it will remind you.Pair up Bluetooth device on your phone, search and pair.

Pair up device, PIN No. is 1234.

Open Bluetooth APP and pair up Bluetooth device. After it’s paired, the Bluetooth module can communicate with cell phone.

Schematic and Connection Diagram


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Sample Code

/*   
    L = Left 
    R = Right 
    F = forward 
    B = backward
*/
int pinLB = 12;     // define pin 12 
int pinLF = 3;     // define pin 3 
int pinRB = 13;    // define pin 13 
int pinRF = 11;    // define pin 11 
int val;
void setup()
 {
  Serial.begin(9600);     // define pin for motor output 
  pinMode(pinLB,OUTPUT); // pin 12
  pinMode(pinLF,OUTPUT); // pin 3 (PWM)
  pinMode(pinRB,OUTPUT); // pin 13
  pinMode(pinRF,OUTPUT); // pin 11 (PWM) 
 }
void advance()     // move forward
    { 
    digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);    // right wheel moves forward
    digitalWrite(pinRB, LOW);  // left wheel moves forward
    analogWrite(pinLF,255);   
    analogWrite(pinRF,255);
    }
void stopp()         // stop
    {
     digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);
     analogWrite(pinLF,0);
     analogWrite(pinRF,0); 
    }
void right()        // turn right (single wheel)
    {
   digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // left wheel moves forward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,LOW); // right wheel moves backward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);   
    }
void left()         // turn left (single wheel)
{
   digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);  // left wheel moves forward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH); // right wheel moves backward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);  
    }
  void back()          // move backward
    {digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // motor moves to left rear
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);  // motor moves to right rear
     analogWrite(pinLF,255);  
     analogWrite(pinRF,255);     
    }
void loop()
    { val=Serial.read(); 
    if(val=='U')advance();
    if(val=='D')back();
    if(val=='L')left() ;
    if(val=='R')right();
if(val=='S')stopp();
}

Result
Connected to Bluetooth APP, the movement of the car is controlled by the APP.

Project 5: Ultrasonic Ranging Tank Robot


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Introduction
In project 3, we use the ultrasonic sensor module for the tank to realize obstacle avoidance function. In project 4, we use a HC-06 Bluetooth module for the tank, so the tank can be controlled form a cellphone terminal.

This project is based on project 3 and project 4. Here, we apply echo sounding method for the ranging. The trig end of ultrasonic sensor will launch ultrasonic wave in a specific direction. At the same time, the timer begins to count; when the ultrasonic wave encounters an obstacle, it’s reflected back; when the echo end receives the signal, the timer stops the count. With the traveling speed of the wave and the traveling time, we can calculate the distance between the launching point and the obstacle.

Also,we will use the HC-06 Bluetooth module for the Tank to communicate with the terminal. The tank will send the measured distance to the terminal, so we can clearly see the distance between the tank and the obstacle while the tank is moving.

This robot can be used in outdoor exploration or terrain exploration in a confined space.


Schematic and Connection Diagram


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Sample Code

/*   
    L = Left 
    R = Right 
    F = forward 
    B = backward
*/
#include <Servo.h> 
int pinLB = 12;     // define pin 12 
int pinLF = 3;     // define pin 3 
int pinRB = 13;    // define pin 13 
int pinRF = 11;    // define pin 11 
int inputPin = 4;    // define pin for sensor echo
int outputPin =5;    // define pin for sensor trig
int Fspeedd = 0;      // forward speed
int Rspeedd = 0;      // right speed
int Lspeedd = 0;      // left speed
int directionn = 0;   // forward=8 backward=2 left=4 right=6 
Servo myservo;        // set myservo
int delay_time = 250; // settling time after steering servo motor moving B
int Fgo = 8;         // Move F
int Rgo = 6;         // move to the R
int Lgo = 4;         // move to the L
int Bgo = 2;         // move B
void setup()
 {
  Serial.begin(9600);     // Define motor output pin 
  pinMode(pinLB,OUTPUT); // pin 12
  pinMode(pinLF,OUTPUT); // pin 3 (PWM)
  pinMode(pinRB,OUTPUT); // pin 13
  pinMode(pinRF,OUTPUT); // pin 11 (PWM) 
  pinMode(inputPin, INPUT);    // define input pin for sensor
  pinMode(outputPin, OUTPUT);  // define output pin for sensor   
  myservo.attach(9);    // Define servo motor output pin to D9 (PWM)
 }
void advance()     // move forward
    { 
    digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);    // right wheel moves forward
digitalWrite(pinRB, LOW);  // left wheel moves forward
    analogWrite(pinLF,255);   
    analogWrite(pinRF,255);
    }
void stopp()         // stop 
    {
     digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);
     analogWrite(pinLF,0);
     analogWrite(pinRF,0); 
    }
void right()        // turn right (single wheel)
    {
   digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // wheel on the left moves forward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,LOW); // wheel on the right moves backward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);   
    }
void left()         // turn left (single wheel)
    {
   digitalWrite(pinLB,LOW);  // wheel on the left moves backward
   digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH); // wheel on the right moves forward
   analogWrite(pinLF, 255);
   analogWrite(pinRF,255);  
    }
  
void back()          // move backward
    {
     digitalWrite(pinLB,HIGH);  // motor moves to left rear
     digitalWrite(pinRB,HIGH);  // motor moves to right rear
     analogWrite(pinLF,255);  
     analogWrite(pinRF,255);     
    }
void detection()        // measure 3 angles (0.90.179)
    {      
      int delay_time = 250;   // stabilizing time for servo motor after moving backward
      ask_pin_F();            // read the distance ahead
     if(Fspeedd < 10)         // if distance ahead is <10cm
      {
      stopp();               // clear data 
      delay(100);
      back();                // move backward for 0.2S
      delay(200);
      }
      if(Fspeedd < 25)         // if distance ahead is <25cm
      {
        stopp();  
        delay(100);             // clear data 
        ask_pin_L();            // read distance on the left
        delay(delay_time);      // stabilizing time for servo motor
        ask_pin_R();            // read distance on the right  
        delay(delay_time);      // stabilizing time for servo motor  
        
        if(Lspeedd > Rspeedd)   // if distance on the left is >distance on the right
        {
          directionn = Lgo;      // move to the L
        }
         if(Lspeedd <= Rspeedd)   // if distance on the left is <= distance on the right
        {
         directionn = Rgo;      // move to the right
        } 
        if (Lspeedd < 10 && Rspeedd < 10)   // if distance on left and right are both <10cm
        {
         directionn = Bgo;      // move backward        
        } }
      else                      // if distance ahead is >25cm     
      {
        directionn = Fgo;        // move forward      
      }}    
void ask_pin_F()   // measure the distance ahead 
    {
      myservo.write(90);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Fdistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Fdistance= Fdistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm) 
      Fspeedd = Fdistance;              // read the distance into Fspeedd
  Serial.print("Fspeedd = ");
  Serial.print(Fspeedd );
  Serial.println("  cm");   
    }  
 void ask_pin_L()   // measure distance on the left 
    {
      myservo.write(5);
      delay(delay_time);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Ldistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Ldistance= Ldistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm)
      Lspeedd = Ldistance;              // read the distance into Lspeedd
  Serial.print("Lspeedd = ");
  Serial.print(Lspeedd );
      Serial.print("  cm  ");
    }  
void ask_pin_R()   //  measure distance on the right 
    {
      myservo.write(177);
      delay(delay_time);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);   // ultrasonic sensor transmit low level signal 2μs
      delayMicroseconds(2);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, HIGH);  // ultrasonic sensor transmit high level signal10μs, at least 10μs
      delayMicroseconds(10);
      digitalWrite(outputPin, LOW);    // keep transmitting low level signal
      float Rdistance = pulseIn(inputPin, HIGH);  // read the time in between
      Rdistance= Rdistance/5.8/10;       // convert time into distance (unit: cm)
      Rspeedd = Rdistance;              // read the distance into Rspeedd
  Serial.print(" Rspeedd = ");
  Serial.print(Rspeedd );
      Serial.println("  cm");
    }  
void loop()
  {
    myservo.write(90);  // home set the servo motor, ready for next measurement
    detection();        // measure the angle and determine which direction to move   
   if(directionn == 2)  // if directionn= 2             
   {
     back(); 
     delay(800);                    //  go backward
     left() ;      
     delay(200);              // Move slightly to the left (to prevent stuck in dead end)
   }
   if(directionn == 6)           // if directionn = 6    
   { back();
     delay(100);  
     right();  
     delay(600);                 // turn right
   }
   if(directionn == 4)          // if directionn = 4    
   { back(); 
     delay(600);      
     left(); 
     delay(600);                  // turn left
   }  
   if(directionn == 8)          // if directionn = 8      
   { advance();       // move forward  
    delay(100);  
   }}

Result
Connected to Bluetooth APP, the movement of the car is controlled by the APP.

Resources

Video

http://www.keyestudio.com/wp/ks0071-installation-video/

http://www.keyestudio.com/wp/ks0071-demonstration-video/

PDF:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1G03TVDzuoW6Bxo50nQkrhh1_JihFE1KW

APP:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=155VeNftCbRkyYCWwGJhG_VXD0OcfsCtN

Library:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1JvUVuz334EBc1ZZZLX9nRKapVPkcrc6f

Codes:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1AgWsGJq9r9NpzWcfzRFex28YeLxDQtZ9

Software Drive:

https://drive.google.com/open?id=1hYTPYzer2zm-egEcc3Y5vsZOUC0uFFl7

Buy from

Official Website

http://www.keyestudio.com/keyes-mini-tank-robot.html

Amazon Store

https://www.amazon.com/Keyestudio-Bluetooth-Robot-Aluminum-Arduino/dp/B01F38JY7I/