Getting Started with Mixly
- 1 Introduction for Mixly
- 2 Design Concept and User Groups
- 3 Mixly Interface Functions
- 4 More Resources
Introduction for Mixly
Mixly is a free open-source graphical Arduino programming software, based on Google’s Blockly graphical programming framework, and developed by Mixly Team@ BNU.
It is a free open-source graphical programming tool for creative electronic development; a complete support ecosystem for creative e-education; a stage for maker educators to realize their dreams.
Although there is an Ardublock graphical programming software launched by Arduino official, Ardublock is not perfect enough, and many common functions cannot be realized.
The figure below shows the functional comparison between Ardublock and Mixly.
It can be said that Mixly is the most versatile and smoothest Arduino graphical programming software, which can replace the Arduino programming tool IDE.
Design Concept and User Groups
Mixly is designed to be completely green. Currently Mixly supports win, ubuntu, mac. Windows users can download the Mixly package directly from the Internet, and unzip it to run on Windows XP and above (download link is attached below).
Mixly uses the Blockly graphical programming engine to replace complex text manipulation with graphical building blocks, providing a good foundation for beginners to get started quickly.
① Use the different color icons to represent different types of functional blocks, very convenient for users to classify.
② Provide default options in the composite function block to effectively reduce the number of user drags.
③ Integrate all the features of the software in the same interface.
④ Provide the reference tutorial and code examples.
It has versatile functions. Mixly can almost implement all the functions that Arduino IDE has. Support all official development boards of arduino.
The goal of the graphical programming system is definitely not to replace the original text programming method, but to better understand the programming principles and program thinking through graphical programming, and lay the foundation for future text programming.
It is also the design philosophy for Mixly. More continuous content has been added to the design of the software to protect the user's learning outcomes. To be specific, it includes the introduction of variable types, the consistency of text programming as much as possible in the design of the module, and the support of both graphical and text programming.
The most important design concept of Mixly is its ecological feature, which can distinguish it from other Arduino graphical programming.
It also allows users directly use Mixly's graphical programming function to generate common modules (such as LED digital display, buzzer broadcast, etc. Users are able to make this part of the module only using Mixly).
Both of the two kinds of modules mentioned above can be imported into the Mixly system through the "Import" function, thereby realizing the user's own value in the popularity of Mixly software.
From the above design concept, it can be seen that Mixly is suitable for primary and secondary school students to cultivate programming thinking. It is also available for quick programming when creating a work. Of course, it is good for those lovely friends who don't want to learn text programming, but want to do some small works with intelligent control.
Mixly Interface Functions
Some common functions:
Through this interface, you can complete the code compile, upload, save and manage. It support four remove methods: drag it left out code window, or drag to Recycle Bin, delete key, or right-click to delete block. It supports four languages: English、Español (Spanish)、中文简体(Chinese Simplified)、中文繁体(Chinese Traditional).
|1||Initialization (run only once)|
|2||End the program, means the program will stop running when use this block.|
|3||Delay function, click to select ms or us |
(pause the program for the amount of time (in milliseconds) specified as parameter. There are 1000 milliseconds in a second.)
|4||if_do function (first evaluate a value be true or false, if a value is true, then do some statement. |
You can click the blue gear icon to select the else if block or else block.)
|5||switch function. You can click the blue gear icon to select the case block or default block. (used to evaluate several programs then execute the corresponding function matched with program.)|
|6||Equal to for statement.|
|7||A while loop statement.|
|8||break function, used to exit from the containing loop.|
|9||millis() function, returns the system running time since the program started.
(The unit can be ms (milliseconds) or μs（microsecond)).
|10||Timer interrupt function, that is, set a trigger interrupt for the amount of time (in milliseconds) specified as parameter.|
|11||Timer interrupt start block|
|12||Timer interrupt stop block|
|13||Set different simple timer, execute the corresponding program every interval time|
|14||Register a delayed function, and put the code to be executed in this function|
|15||Execute the delayed function, interval time is 1000ms，1 time|
|16||Allow to input and output the running of pins interrupt|
|17||Ban to input and output the running of pins interrupt|
|18||SCoop block is used to execute multithreading tasks，up to 8 tasks|
|19||Execute multithreading tasks|
|20||Only used for SCoop delay block|
|2||Click to select the Arithmetic Operators: |
|3||Click to select the & (bitwise end); l (bitwise or); << (bitshift left); >> (bitshift right)|
|4||Click to select the sin; cos; tan; asin; acos; atan; ln; log10; e^; 10^; ++ (increment) ;|
|5||Click to select the Round; Ceil; Floor; abs; sq; sqrt |
Round: Returns the integer part a number using around.
|6||If select the max, returns the larger number; |
if select the min, returns the smaller number.
|7||Initialize the random seed|
|8||Return a random integer between the two specified limits, inclusive.|
|9||Constrain a number to be between the specified limits (inclusive). |
(generally used to constrain an analog value read from sensor)
|10||Map a number from the first interval to the second interval. |
(For instance, potentiometer-controlled servo, map the range of potentiometer (0, 1023) to the angle of servo (0, 180)).
|1||Declare and initialize a variable.|
|2||Define the data types|
For example: LED breath
You need an Arduino Uno and one LED module. Connect the control pin of LED module to Pin 3 of Uno board (or other pins with “~”，that is, those pins can output PWM signal). LED will gradually light then gradually dim, repeatedly.
You need an Arduino Uno board, an IR receiver module and an IR remote control.
Connect the signal pin of IR receiver to Digital pin 3 of Uno board, then upload the code and open the monitor. If send a signal to an IR receiver module using an IR remote control, you should see the monitor show the corresponding signal data.
For example: ultrasonic ranging
Connect the Trig pin of ultrasonic sensor to Digital 1 of Uno, Echo pin to D2, then upload the code and open the monitor, you should see the distance value, updating once per 100ms.
For example: serial communication
Separately connect the SDA (A4) and SCL (A5) of Arduino Uno to SDA and SCL pins of IIC LCD1602, then set the address of your LCD1602 screen, the LCD address we used here is 0x27. Then upload the code, LCD screen has two lines, you should see the line 1 print HELLO, and line 2 print 123456789.
For example: ultrasonic ranging
Below is an example code for line tracking car. We use three tracking modules (left to D6, middle to D7, right to D8). of course you need a tracking car to test it. First edit the forward, backward, turn left, turn right and stop into functions block. Then compile and upload the code below.
- Download the Mixly: